# Multiplication Tables as Fluency Anchors

Complementary Mathematics / Multiplication Tables as Fluency Anchors

## Multiplication Tables as Fluency Anchors (Goals 1a and 1b for Grades 3 – 8)

Because of the central importance of the multiplication facts across all aspects of elementary mathematics (coupled with the very tentative grasp many students have regarding the multiplication facts), we have designated Goal 1 for all grades 3-8, to the mastery of multiplication facts. In each of those grades we have separated the matrix tables provided into Goal 1a, the factors listed in consecutive order, and Goal 1b, the factors listed in mixed (non-consecutive) order. For grades 3 and 4, the factors are 1 – 10, while for grades 5 through 8, the factors are 1 – 12.

In many of the math programs currently being used in American schools today, there is a distinct lack of emphasis on these critically important basics. As a result, students using these programs often struggle with concepts and applications that should be obvious and easily answered. This unnecessary struggle is a leading cause of the aversion to math that many students report.

We have provided many forms for each matrix case described above as well as missing factor tables, suggestions for practice and other guidance. We have also included a short video about learning the multiplication facts to help illustrate some insights related to this objective.